# Backup & Restore
Users with experience in Cloud Server operation and maintenance understand the truth: "IT systems can't maintain 100% stability for a long time. Any system may fail, but the probability of failure is different and the degree of harm is different."
When system failure, we first seek the help of a professional to quickly repair and recovery it, but unfortunately, some failure cannot be solved smoothly or even in the expected time period.
Obviously, there is a backup is so important, it can guarantee that the system can be restored to the normal state through the existing backup file when the failure occurs, which means that the huge loss due to the unrecoverable can be avoided.
Must develop the habit of backup, there is no luck
From the specific backup object, due to the existence of four backup objects on the server: operating system, environment software, database and application, each object may have unpredictable failures that cannot be solved as expected.
Based on the backup object, we believe that the following two backup measures are necessary:
# Automation Backup for Instance
Automation Backups for Instance is using the Snapshot or Cloud Server Backup Service on your Cloud Platform, A snapshot is a full, read-only copy of a disk. You can take a snapshot of an OS or data disk to use as a backup, or to troubleshoot instance issues.
- Backup scope: All data on a Disk - Backup effect: Very Good - Backup frequency: Automatic backup per hour if you need - Recovery methond: One key recovery on Cloud platform - Skill requirement: Very easy - Automation or Manual: Fully automated on backup strategy
Different Cloud Platform's snapshot settings slightly different, refer to Cloud platform backup solution
# Manual backup for application
Manual backup for application is based on the Exporting source code and database of application to achieve a minimized backup scheme.
- Backup scope: Source code and database of application - Backup effect: Good - Backup frequency: You can operate when you need - Recovery methond: Import - Skill requirement: Easy - Automation: manual
The general manual backup operation steps are as follows:
- Export database by phpMyAdmin or other GUI tools
- Download it to local computer
- Backup completed
In phpMyAdmin, Export is to back up the database, import and restore the database.
Login to phpMyAdmin, select your database then click "Export" tab on the top menu
Select suitable Export method,Format for you, then click the "Go" button to start export
After the database backup file (.sql suffix) is generated, save it to the local computer
Restore the database, corresponding to the "Import" operation, refer to the following
Import files should pay special attention to character set compatibility